[U. S. Geological Survey]

Chapter 10

Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotopes in Rainfall-Runoff Studies

David P. Genereux and Richard P. Hooper

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology (1998), C. Kendall and J. J. McDonnell (Eds.)
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, pp. 319-346.


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Harr, R.D., 1977. Water flux in soil and subsoil on a steep forested slope. Jour. of Hydrol., 33: 37- 58.

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Hewlett, J.D. and A.R. Hibbert. 1963. Moisture and energy conditions within a sloping soil mass during drainage. Jour. Geophys. Res. 68: 1081-1087.

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Hooper, R.P. and Shoemaker, C.A., 1986. A comparison of chemical and isotopic hydrograph separation. Water Resour. Res., 22(10): 1444-1454.

Hooper, R.P., Stone, A., Christophersen, N., de Grosbois, E. and Seip, H.M., 1988. Assessing the Birkenes model of stream acidification using a multisignal calibration methodology. Water Resour. Res., 24: 1308-1316.

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Hursh, C.R., 1936. Storm-water and absorption. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union. 17: 301-302.

Hursh, C.R. and Brater, E.F., 1941. Separating storm hydrographs from small drainage areas into surface and subsurface flow. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union. 22: 863-871.

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Kendall, C., 1993. Impact of isotopic heterogeneity in shallow systems on stormflow generation. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 310 p.

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Kline, S.J., 1985. The purposes of uncertainty analysis. Journal of Fluids Engineering, 107: 153-160.

Kleissen, F.M., Beck, M.B. and Wheater, H.S., 1990. The identifiability of conceptual hydrochemical models. Water Resour. Res., 26: 2979-2992.

Lindstrom, G. and Rodhe, A., 1986. Modeling water exchange and transit times in till basins using oxygen-18. Nordic Hydrology, 17: 325-334.

Matsuo, S. and Irving Friedman. 1967. Deuterium content in fractionally collected rainwater. Jour. Geophys. Res., 72(24): 6374-6376.

McDonnell, J., Bonell, M., Stewart, M.K. and Pearce, A.J., 1990. Deuterium variations in storm rainfall: Implications for stream hydrograph separation. Water Resour. Res., 26(3): 455-458.

McDonnell, J., 1990. A rationale for old water discharge through macropores in a steep, humid catchment. Water Resour. Res., 26(11): 2821-2832.

McDonnell, J.J., Rowe, L. and Stewart, M.K., 1998. A combined tracer-hydrometric approach to assessing the effect of catchment scale on water flowpaths, source and age. IAHS Publ., in press.

McDonnell, J., Stewart, M.K. and Owens, I.F., 1991. Effect of catchment-scale subsurface mixing on stream isotopic response. Water Resour. Res., 27(12): 3065-3073.

Merot, P., Bourguet, M. and le Leuch, M., 1981. Analyse d'une crue à l'aide du traçage naturel par l'oxygène 18 mesuré dans les pluies, le sol, le ruisseau. Catena, 8: 69-81.

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Mosely, M.P., 1979. Streamflow generation in a forested watershed, New Zealand. Water Resour. Res., 15(4): 795-806.

Mulholland, P.J., 1993. Hydrometric and stream chemistry evidence of three storm flowpaths in Walker Branch Watershed. Jour. of Hydrol., 151: 291-316.

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Whipkey, R.Z., 1969. Storm runoff from forested catchments by subsurface routes. In: Floods and Their Computation, International Association of Scientific Hydrology Publication Number 85.

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