[U. S. Geological Survey]

Chapter 5

Isotopic Exchange in Soil Water

Christopher J. Barnes and Jeffrey V. Turner

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology (1998), C. Kendall and J.J. McDonnell (Eds.).
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. pp. 137-164.


Allison, G.B., Barnes, C.J., Hughes, M.W. 1983. Distribution of deuterium and oxygen-18 in dry soils. II Experimental. Jour. of Hydrol., 64: 377-397.

Barnes, C.J. and Allison, G.B. 1983. The distribution of oxygen-18 and deuterium in dry soils: I Theory. Jour. of Hydrol., 60: 141-156.

Barnes, C.J. and Allison, G.B. 1984. The distribution of deuterium and oxygen-18 in dry soils: III Theory for non-isothermal water movement. Jour. of Hydrol. 74: 119-135.

Barnes, C.J. and Allison, G.B. 1988. Tracing of water movement in the unsaturated zone using stable isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen. Jour. of Hydrol., 100: 143-176.

Barnes, C.J., Burns, J., Crapper, P. and Olley, J. 1989a. The analysis of catchment response using stable isotopes. Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, Christchurch, NZ, November 1989, pp. 404-407.

Barnes, C.J. and Walker, G.B. 1989. The distribution of deuterium and oxygen-18 during unsteady evaporation from a dry soil. Jour. of Hydrol., 112: 55-67.

Barnes, C.J., Allison, G.B., and Hughes, M.W. 1989b. Temperature gradient effects on stable isotope and chloride profiles in dry soils. Jour. of Hydrol., 112: 69-87.

Brutsaert, W. 1975. A theory for local evaporation (or heat transfer) from rough and smooth surfaces at ground level. Water Resour. Res., 11: 543-550.

Craig, H., 1961. Isotopic variations in meteoric water. Science, 133: 1702-1703.

Dansgaard, W. 1964. Stable Isotopes in precipitation. Tellus, 16: 436-467.

Herczeg, A.L., Barnes, C.J., McCumber, P.G. and Olley, J.M. 1992. A stable isotope investigation of groundwater-surface water interactions at Lake Tyrrell, Victoria, Australia. Chem. Geol., 96: 19-32.

Ingraham, N.L. and Shadel, C., 1992. A comparison of the toluene distillation and vacuum heat methods for extracting soil-water for stable isotopic analysis. Jour. of Hydrol., 140: 371-387.

Jacob, H. and Sonntag, C. 1991. An 8 year record of the seasonal variation of 2H and 18O in atmospheric water vapor and precipitation at Heidelberg, Germany. Tellus, p. 551.

Jusserand, C. 1980. Extraction de l'eau interstitielle se sediments et des sols. Comparaison des valeurs de l'oxygene 18 par differentes methodes, premier resultats. Catena, 7: 87-96.

Merlivat, L. 1978. Molecular diffusivities of H216O, HD16O and H218O in gases. J. Chem. Phys., 69: 2864-2871.

Mills, R. 1973. Self diffusion in normal and heavy water in the range 1-45ºC. J. Phys. Chem., 77: 685-688.

Penman, H.L. 1940. Gas and vapor movement in soil. Int. J. Agric. Sci., 30: 437-462.

Philip, J.R. and de Vries, D.A. 1957. Moisture movement in porous media under temperature gradients. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 38: 222-232.

Philip, J.R. 1969. Theory of infiltration. Adv. Hydroscience, 5: 215-296.

Revesz, K. and Woods, P.H. 1990. A method to extract soil water for isotopic analysis. Jour. of Hydrol., 115: 397-406.

Rose, C.W. 1966. Agricultural Physics. Prergamon Press, London, 226 p.

Shurbaji, A.-R.M. and Phillips, F.M., 1995. A numerical model for the movement of H2O, H218O, and 2HHO in the unstaurated zone. Jour. of Hydrol., 171: 125-142.

Sofer, Z. and Gat, J.R. 1972. Activities and concentrations of oxygen-18 in concentrated aqueous salt solutions: analytical and geophysical implications. Earth and Planetary Sci. Lett., 15:232-238.

Sofer, Z. and Gat, J.R. 1975. The isotopic composition of evaporating brines: effect of the isotopic activity ratio in saline solutions. Earth and Planetary Sci. Lett., 26: 179-186.

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Walker, G.R. and Woods, P.H. 1991. Inter-laboratory comparison of methods to determine the stable isotope composition of soil water. Proc. Symp. on Isotope Techniques in Water Resources Development, IAEA, Vienna, 11-15 March, 1991, IAEA Paper No. IAEA-SM-319/40, pp. 509-517.

Woods, P.H. 1990. The extraction of water from porous media, especially gypseous media for isotopic analysis. Results of laboratory trials. Technical Memorandum 90/1, Division of Water Resources, CSIRO, Australia, 48 p.

Zimmerman, U., Ehhalt, D., and Munnich, K.O. 1967. Soil-water movement and evapotranspiration: changes in the isotopic composition of the water. Proc. IAEA Symp. Isot. Hydrol., IAEA Vienna, pp. 567-584.

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