M.A., San Jose State University,
My area of research is metal bioaccumulation and effects in
aquatic organisms. Specific areas of study include biotic
and abiotic factors affecting temporal and spatial variation
in metal bioaccumulation, species-specific bioaccumulation
strategies, intracellular metal partitioning and speciation,
metal detoxification mechanisms, toxicological effects of
bioaccumulated metal on individuals and populations, bioavailability
of metals associated with mine wastes, and development of
aquatic invertebrates as biological monitors.
Cain, D., Croteau MN & Luoma, SN.
2011. Bioaccumulation dynamics and exposure routes of Cd and
Cu among species of aquatic mayflies. Environ.
Toxicol. Chem. 30: 2532-2541
Cain, J.D., Buchwalter, D.B., and Luoma, S.N. (2006) Influence
of metal exposure history on the bioaccumulation and subcellular
distribution of aqueous cadmium in the insect Hydropsyche
Toxicol. Chem. 25: 1042-1049.
Cain, D. J., Luoma,
S. N., and Wallace, W. G. (2004). Linking metal bioaccumulation
of aquatic insects to their distribution patterns in a mining-impacted
Toxicology and Chemistry 23(6),
Maret, T. R.,
Cain, D. J., MacCoy, D. E., and Short, T. M., 2003, Response
of benthic invertebrate assesmblages to metal exposure and
bioaccumulation associated with hard-rock mining in northwestern
streams, USA: Journal
of the North American Benthological Society, v. 22(4), p.
Cain, D. J., and Luoma, S. N., 1990,
Influence of seasonal growth, age and environmental exposure
on Cu and Ag in a bivalve indicator, Macoma balthica, in San
Francisco Bay: Marine Ecology Progress Series, v. 60, p. 44-45.
Cain, D. J., Luoma, S. N., Carter, J.
L., and Fend, S. V., 1992, Aquatic insects as bioindicators
of trace element contamination in cobble-bottom river and
streams: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences,
v. 49, p. 2141-2154.
Cain, D J., Luoma SN, 1998, Metal exposures
to native populations of the caddisfly Hydropsyche (Trichoptera:
Hydropsychidae) determined from cytosolic and whole body metal
Hydrobiologia, v. 386, p. 103-117.
Cain, D. J., Luoma, S. N., and Axtmann,
E. V., 1995, The influence of gut content in aquatic insects
on assessments of environmental metal contamination. Canadian
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 52, p. 2736-2746.
Johansson, C., Cain, D. J., and
Luoma, S. N., 1986, Variability in the fractionation of Cu,
Ag, and Zn among cytosolic proteins in the bivalve Macoma
balthica: Marine Ecology Progress Series, v. 28, p. 87-97.